Learning letter names and their sounds, rhyming, and sound play
Early Literacy is what children know about reading and writing before they actually learn to read and write. Important early literacy skills include knowledge of the alphabetic code (understanding that letters are used to represent individual sounds), phonological awareness (identifying and manipulating units of oral language), and phonemic awareness (manipulating the individual sounds in spoken words). Strength in these areas is important for early reading success.
Children with good early literacy skills:
Characteristics of early literacy delays include an inability to notice, think about, or manipulate the individual sounds in spoken words. Early literacy delays can be due to several factors. It may simply be a lack of experience or exposure to early literacy; there may be a speech-language, hearing, or retrieval problem; or there may be a family history of dyslexia. Regardless of the cause, these skills can be taught, but they must be taught directly and systematically. Early intervention is important.